Tips for Writing Your IT & Computer Science Paper
Students in the field of information technology and computer science face one issue in the development of their dissertations that is not encountered by students in other disciplines: the obligation to explain the value of proving their point. If they do not do this, they can easily lose the reader, because if the hypothesis is not relevant in the context of ongoing work in the field of information technology, why would the reader be interested? For students in the field of information technology, if there is no practical point in solving the problem, they will have lost their reader before they have even begun.
Introductory sections in many IT or computer science research papers have to take on the “bigger picture” before they can clearly state the paper’s hypothesis. Only then can it become apparent to the reader that there is value in proving this hypothesis.
There are many ways that you can address the “bigger picture” in your dissertation. You can refer to the work of other researchers throughout the world and you can refer specifically to what differs between their work and yours. You can point out that your own research has adopted a different approach (if that is the case), or you can point out that your approach addresses aspects of the problem that are not currently addressed by other researchers. This can be a particularly effective way of “hooking” your reader, because if your reader is familiar with the related work that you are referring to and has already bought into the value of that work, the reader will be very interested to know what your approach is and how you will refine the findings that have already been published.
The other “best practices” of document development that apply in other disciplines also apply in IT or computer science research: develop a comprehensive outline before you begin, be as clear and concise as possible, and present your thesis statement early in the work.